- Population: 61.3 million people live in Italy (2013)
- Capital: Roma (Rome), which is often called 'Eternal City', with 2.6 mio inhabitants and Italy’s biggest city.
- Name: Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic) or simply: Italia, Nickname: 'Bel Paese' which means beautiful country
- Government: Democracy, Republic
- Language: Italian as well as German, French and Ladin in some regions in Northern Italy.
- Literacy: More than 98% can read and write.
- Religion: mainly Christians (Roman Catholics 90%)
- Currency: 1 Euro=100 cents, before 2001 Italian Lira
- History: The country has a long history, as Rome its capital city today was founded in 753BC. After the Roman Empire broke down in 395AD, there were many separate kingdoms and city states. However, Italy became one nation only in 1861 and since then includes the islands of Sicily and Sardegna. It was a kingdom until 1946 after the second World War, where Italy sided with the German Nazis. Italy is founding member of the European Union (EU) and the NATO.
Italy lies in Southern Europe, a flight to Rome take roughly 2.5 hours from London/England, 8 hours from New York/USA. Italy is easy to recognize on any world map, as the country is shaped like a high-heeled boot. It looks like the boot is kicking a ball, which is the island of Sicily.
Italy surrounds two of the world’s smallest countries? San Marino in Northern Italy is the oldest republic in the world and Vatican City in Rome, the smallest country in the world. Vatican City is led by the Pope and is the headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church, led by the Pope.
Italy AttractionsRome: Great place to learn about Romans and ancient history Ravenna: See stunning mosaics and splendid churches Tuscany: great place to chill in the countryside with lovely towns and villages Florence: Home of many of the Italian artists such as Michelangelo with many famous museums Pisa: 'Hold' the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Quite a sight! Venice: Lagoon City build on islands and known for its Carnival Alps: Great for skiing, hiking and relaxed holidays and Bolzano’s Natural History Museum with Oetzi, the mummy from the Ice-age is great for kids too.
Italians love sports. Cycling, Skiing, Soccer and Motor Racing are just some of the sports Italians have very strong interest in and good teams of sportsmen and -women. The Italian soccer league is followed by many: Inter Milan, Lazio Roma and Juventus Turin are just some of the Italian soccer teams which are favored by Italians.
The family is very important for Italians, where there are still many big families including grandparents, parents and children in the household. Italians love their food, which is usually prepared freshly by the “Mama”, but more and more men love to cook and break away from the typical image of the Italian "macho" and nowadays help in the household or stay at home with the kids while the women goes to work. Source, thanks to: www.kids-world-travel-guide.